The complexity of normal form rewrite sequences for Associativity
9406030 | cmp-lg
The complexity of a particular term-rewrite system is considered: the rule of associativity (x*y)*z --> x*(y*z). Algorithms and exact calculations are given for the longest and shortest sequences of applications of --> that result in normal form (NF). The shortest NF sequence for a term x is always n-drm(x), where n is the number of occurrences of * in x and drm(x) is the depth of the rightmost leaf of x. The longest NF sequence for any term is of length n(n-1)/2.