ML p(r)ior | Characterisations of Matrix and Operator-Valued $Φ$-Entropies, and Operator Efron-Stein Inequalities

Characterisations of Matrix and Operator-Valued $Φ$-Entropies, and Operator Efron-Stein Inequalities

2016-01-31
1602.00233 | math-ph
We derive new characterisations of the matrix $\mathrm{\Phi}$-entropy functionals introduced in [Electron.~J.~Probab., 19(20): 1--30, 2014]. Notably, all known equivalent characterisations of the classical $\Phi$-entropies have their matrix correspondences. Next, we propose an operator-valued generalisation of the matrix $\Phi$-entropy functionals, and prove their subadditivity under L\"owner partial ordering. Our results demonstrate that the subadditivity of operator-valued $\Phi$-entropies is equivalent to the convexity of various related functions. This result can be used to demonstrate an interesting result in quantum information theory: the matrix $\Phi$-entropy of a quantum ensemble is monotone under unital quantum channels. Finally, we derive the operator Efron-Stein inequality to bound the operator-valued variance of a random matrix.
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